Abstract: Globalization so far has been, roughly speaking, utopian for the rich and dystopian for the poor. Given the role of rich and poor in the climate emergency, this essay presents an emissions typology and analysis, building on Henry Shue’s work on subsistence and luxury emissions, and adding and analyzing four more major types of emissions: junk emissions, waste emissions, violence emissions, and worldview emissions.
Key Words: energy transition, climate justice, subsistence emissions, luxury emissions, structural violence, worldview shift.
Bio: Jennifer Wells is Professor at the California Institute of Integral Studies (USA). She wrote the book Complexity and Sustainability, Routledge, 2014.
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